These are the sources for the fourth episode in our series on UK drug use in the 1950s and 60s: Race, Cannabis, Sex and the Police.

An annotated script for the episode can be found here.

Books and journal articles

Akala, Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire, (London: Two Roads, 2018).

Blackman, S., Chilling Out: The cultural politics of consumption, youth and drug policy, (Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2004).

Bingham, A. and Conboy, M., Tabloid Century: The Popular Press in Britain, 1896 to the present, (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2015).

Braithwaite, E., To Sir With Love, (London: Vintage, 2005).

Buettner, E., ‘”Would You Let Your Daughter Marry a Negro?”: Race and Sex in 1950s Britain’, in Levine, P. and Grayzel, S. (eds.), Gender, Labour, War and Empire: Essays on Modern Britain, (E-book: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 219-237.

Chowdhury, T., ‘Policing the “Black party”: racialized drugs policing at festivals in the UK’, in Koram, K. (ed.), The War on Drugs and the Global Colour Line, (London: Pluto Press, 2019), pp. 132-180.

Collins, M., ‘Pride and Prejudice: West Indian Men in Mid-Twentieth-Century Britain’, Journal of British Studies, 2001, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 391-418.

Davenport-Hines, R., The Pursuit of Oblivion: A Social History of Drugs, (London: Phoenix Press, 2002).

‘Discussion Following Detective Sergeant Lyle’s Paper’, British Journal of Addiciton, 1950, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 56-58.

Hallam, C., White Drug Cultures and Regulation in London 1916-1960, (e-book, 2018).

Kohn, M., Narcomania: On Heroin, (London: Faber and Faber, 1987).

Kohn, M., Dope Girls: The Birth of the British Drug Underground, (London: Granta Publications, 2001).

Kozma, L., ‘Cannabis Prohibition in Egypt, 1880-1939: From Local Ban to League of Nations Diplomacy, Middle Eastern Studies, 2011, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 443-460

Kynaston, D., Austerity Britain, 1945-51, (E-book: Bloomsbury, 2010).

Macpherson, W. (Chairman), The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry, Cm 4262-I, 1999.

Mills, J., Cannabis Britannica: Empire, Trade and Prohibition,(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Mills, J., Cannabis Nation: Control and Consumption in Britain, 1928-2008,(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

Olusoga, D., Black and British: A Forgotten History,(E-book: Macmillan, 2016).

Shiner, M., Carre, Z., Delsol, R. and Eastwood, N., The Colour of Injustice: 'Race', drugs and law enforcement in England and Wales. (London: StopWatch, 2018).

Newspaper articles

‘17-YEAR-OLD GIRL SMOKED INDIAN HEMP’, West London Observer, 4 September 1953, p. 1.

Agnew, D., ‘Story of a DRUG ADDICT’, Evening Chronicle, 5 April 1956, p. 1.

Campbell, D., ‘The man in the mac: A life in crime reporting’, The Guardian, 5 September 2009.

‘CLOSED-THROUGH SEX SQUABBLES,’ The People, 9 July 1950, p. 5.

‘Display Ad 65’, The Observer, 18 March 1956, p. 17.

‘DRUGS SEIZED IN RAID ON BEBOP CLUB, SAY YARD’, Sunday Pictorial, 16 April 1950, p. 3.

Enefer, D., ‘Drugs and the jazz clubs...’, Aberdeen Evening Express, 12 May 1956, p. 3.

Fabian, R., ‘These girls are the city’s damned souls’, Aberdeen Evening Express, 31 May 1956, p. 3.

‘Jive girls victims of drug drug racket’, The People, 19 November 1950, p. 5.

‘P.C. ACCUSED OF “FRAMING” COLOURED MAN’, The Birmingham Post, 9 January 1963, p. 3.

Webb, D., ‘DOPE: A warning to young people’, The People, 18 February 1951, p 4.

Webb, D., ‘LONDON’S DRUG FIENDS EXPOSED: Dope Street’, The People, 20 June 1954, p. 3.

‘West London Opinion’, West London Observer, 11 September 1953, p. 6.

‘West London Opinion’, West London Observer, 25 September 1953, p. 8.


‘The Case of the Black Butterfly’, Fabian of the Yard. Unknown date.

Parker, C., 'Ornithology', One Night in Birdland, 1950.

'Fact checking Donald Trump's immigration comments', CNN, 2015.

‘James Berry: Poet of the Windrush Generation’, Bloodaxe Books, 23 June 2017.

‘Mangrove Nine 1970’s-Darcus Howe, Frank Crichlow,etc...’, themneverlove, 2012.

‘Mixed Marriages’, People in Trouble, ITV, 1958.

Ng, K., ‘No offence, but you’re a black man’: Police to examine video of white officer stopping black driver because there were ‘drug dealers’ in the area’, Independant, 9 June 2020.

‘Pathe Reporter Meets’, British Pathe, 24 June 1948.

‘St Paul's Riots | Racial Tension | Bristol | TV Eye | 1980’, ThamesTv, 2018.

‘Windrush: Arrival’, BBC 2, 1998.

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