The following is the material I used to create Episode 1: The rise of psychopharmacology and medical and philosophical reactions to it

A full transcript of the episode can be found here

Secondary references

Deacon, B., ‘The biomedical model of mental disorder: A critical analysis of its validity, utility, and effects on psychotherapy research’, Clinical Psychology Review, 2013, Vol. 33, pp. 846-861.

Dickinson, E., ‘From madness to mental health: A brief history of psychiatric treatments in the UK from 1800 to the present’, The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1990,Vol. 53, No. 10, pp. 419–424.

Glatt, M., The Abuse of Barbiturates in the United Kingdom, (1962).

Horwitz, A. and Wakefield, J., The Loss of Sadness: How Psychiatry Transformed Normal Sorrow Into Depressive Disorder. (Oxford: 2007).

Johnson, L., and Lloyd, J., Sentenced to Everyday Life: Feminism and the Housewife. (London: 2004).

Ohler, N. (translated by Whiteside, S), Blitzed: Drugs in Nazi Germany. (London: 2016).

Pieters, T., and Snelders, S., ‘Psychotropic Drug Use: Between Healing and Enhancing the Mind’, Neuroethics, 2009, Vol. 2, pp. 63-73.

Pieters, T., and Snelders, S., ‘From King Kong Pills to Mother’s Little Helpers—Career Cycles of Two Families of Psychotropic Drugs: The Barbiturates and Benzodiazepines’, Canadian bulletin of medical history, 2007, Vol. 24, No 1, pp. 93-112.

Pugh, J., ‘The Royal Air Force, Bomber Command and the Use of Benzedrine Sulphate: An Examination of Policy and Practice During the Second World War’, Journal of Contemporary History, 2016, Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 740-761.

Pugh, J., 'Amphetamines and the Second World War: Stimulating Interest in Drugs and Warfare', Defence-In-Depth: Research from the Defence Studies Department, King's College London.

Scull, A., Madness in Civilization: A Cultural History of Insanity from the Bible to Freud, from the Madhouse to Modern Medicine, (London: 2014).

Primary references

Primay material largely came from article written in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), the publishing arm of the British Medical Association and the British Journal of Addiction (BJA), the publishing arm of the Society for the Study of Addiction.

Blair, D.,‘Ill Advised Medication with Drugs Leading to Habituation and Addiction’, BJA, 1963, Vol. 1963, No. 2, pp. 3-33.

Brook, E., ‘Too Much Barbiturate?’, The Lancet, 1956, Vol. 267, No. 6908, pp. 150-152.

Hunter, R., ‘The Abuse of Barbiturated and Other Sedative Drugs with Special Reference to Psychiatric Patients’, BJA, 1957, Vol. 53, No.2, pp. 93-100.

Huxley, A., Doors of Perception and Heaven and Hell, (London: 2004).

Huxley, A., Drugs that Shape Men’s Minds’, The Saturday Evening Post, 1958.

Laurence, D. and Pond, D., ‘The Trade in Tranquillity’, BMJ, 1958, Vol. 1, No. 5072, pp. 700-702.

Locket, S., ‘The Abuse of the Barbiturates’, BJA, 1957, Vol 53, No. 2, pp. 105-112.

Macdonald, A. ‘Some Mood-Modifying Drugs and Their Possible Abuse’, BJA, 1957, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 75-82.

Sargant, W., ‘Drugs in the Treatment of Depression’, BMJ, 1961, Vol. 1, No. 5221, pp. 225-227.

‘Discussion Following the Papers on Tranquillizers’, BJA, 1958, Vol. 54, No. 2, pp. 5-7.

‘The Art of Medicine in a Drug-Conscious Age: Demands on the Doctor’, Guardian, 23 November 1953.

‘How We Can Cure Pill Mania’, Daily Mirror, 9 September 1955.

‘Drugs – Are They a Help or a Menace’, Daily Mirror, 19 September 1955.

‘The Purple Heart Addicts’, Daily Mirror, 31 August 1962, p. 7.

Audio Material

Aldous Huxley interviewed by Mike Wallace (1958)

Kurt Vonnegut interview Nov. 8 1970 WBAI

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)

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